Education System in India

Education is a process of facilitating learning. It is through learning that we acquire new knowledge or modify existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values and synthesize different types of information. 

The education becomes the bedrock for progress for a nation.  Education is so important that almost one third of one’s life is spent in acquiring it.

Education is divided among the following groups: pre-primary, primary, secondary, higher education and technical/professional education.

Education as a subject under Constitutional scheme of things in India is under concurrent list. This means that both the Central and the State Government exercise jurisdiction on its regulation- sometimes having overlapping and sometimes spaced which are not unregulated at all. It becomes even more critical for India, for being a young nation, almost one third of our population is undergoing the process of ‘education’ at any given time. With regard to primary and secondary education, it is largely a state subject that suffers from flaws such as lack of resources, corruption and poor management which is reflected in.

The higher education system, with both the Central and the State governments exercising regulation, suffers from even greater malice.


Lack of a nationally synchronized calendar for admission and conducting exams.

  • Issues of quality and quantity of teachers in colleges; Pay disparity between government appointed and privately appointed teachers.
  • Rise of ‘business’ of education: lure of quick money through capitation fee.
  • 'Real-estatization’ of higher education with influx of black money in it (majority of new age private institutions are owned by politicians).
  • Race for degrees without learning, resulting in serious mismatch in level of degree and commensurate skill and learning abilities.
  • Majority of degree holders are found to be ‘not employable’.

According to Vedas, a teacher should be able to act as a resource person for all students by catering to the students’ diverse needs. This is possible if the teacher has love for knowledge. A teacher should read new books, acquire new dimension of knowledge, become enriched with new ideas. And this capacity to acquire knowledge must be combined with the capacity to communicate knowledge to others. A teacher should have faith in the inherent potentialities of each and every student, for the Atman (Self) is lodged in the heart of every creature.